Comprehensive Eye Exam

Regularly scheduled comprehensive eye exams are essential to detect the need for vision correction, but more importantly, to maintain healthy eyes and prevent disease related vision loss. Some common eye conditions that can lead to blindness may not have signs or symptoms. A comprehensive eye exam is the only way to treat and diagnose these conditions.

eye-exam

The recommended schedule for comprehensive eye exams is at:

  • 6 months of age
  • 3 years old
  • The start of school through age 40 – every two years

  • Age 40 to age 64 – every one to two years
  • Age 65 – every six to twelve months
  • Age 35 (with high risk factors)- should be tested every year or two.

During a typical comprehensive eye exam, our doctors may conduct many or all of the following:

  • Patient History – patient will provide past, personal ,and family medical history, which enables the doctor to determine risk factors
  • Visual Acuity Test – patient reads an eye chart, this measures eyesight at different distances and monitors eye problems such as diabetic retinopathy
  • Visual Field Tests – checks for loss of peripheral vision and eye diseases such as macular degeneration or glaucoma
  • Retinoscopy – doctor shines a light at the eye and measures approximate eyeglass prescription
  • Refraction – patient looks into an instrument and indicates which lens, (in a series) looks clearer, this measures the exact prescription for glasses or contact lenses due to near or farsightedness
  • Eye Movement Test – evaluates the function of eye muscles and conditions that may cause double vision or other abnormal eye movements
  • Tonometry – measures the pressure inside the eye, detects glaucoma

  • Cover Test – alternately covering each eye, while looking at an object, to detect binocular vision problems or amblyopia
  • Color Vision Test – screens for color blindness
  • Autorefractors and Aberrometers – patient looks into a machine which automatically determines prescription for eyeglasses
  • Slit-Lamp Examination – doctor looks into the eyes using a microscope and light, this magnified view helps detect cataracts, macular degeneration, corneal ulcers, diabetic retinopathy, and many other eye conditions
  • Pupil Dilation – dilation drops are placed in the eye to enlarge pupils, this enables the doctor to evaluate the internal structures of the eye
  • Keratometry – doctor looks into the eye with an instrument that measures the curve of the cornea, detects astigmatism
  • Corneal Topography  – computerized imaging creates a three-dimensional map of the surface of the cornea, this is used in the diagnosis and management of corneal disease or abnormalities

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appointment today

With compassion, expertise, and experience, Brian D. Smith, M.D., our medical director, attends to vision and eye care needs ranging from routine eye exams at Smith-Perry Eye Center to cataract surgery in our outpatient surgery center located on the same property as our office.

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